April 27, 2016; Catalyst Chicago
The Chicago Public Schools’ troubles seem to have no end; many are of their own making. Even seemingly simple things, like knowing how many low-income students attend its schools, have become problematic. Data posted on CPS’s website show has a one-year decrease in the total student body of about 4,500, but the low-income student count at CPS fell by 24,500. CPS officials have said these numbers are wrong, that the actual fall-off is about 11,000 students. Even this smaller decline is hard to understand, since the U.S. Census Department data continues to indicate its low-income population growing.
For the district, and for individual schools, these numbers can make an already very difficult budget situation worse. CPS receives about $500 million in state and federal funding specifically targeted to its work with low-income children. These funds are then allocated to each school based on their actual demography. Lower numbers of low-income students will reduce a school’s budget, directly affecting that school’s educational program. In a district already facing a huge budget hole in the current year, and an even larger one looming for next year, losing funds because the district can’t count accurately is embarrassing.
CPS spokeswoman Emily Bittner said the district is “committed to making sure that our students and schools receive the funds they are entitled to receive, especially assistance for students who come from low-income backgrounds. Before school budgets are released, CPS will exhaust all possible efforts to make sure that poverty information is as accurate as possible, so that our schools and students get the funds they deserve.”
So how does a district serving 400,000 students explain not having accurate knowledge of who its students are? In many ways, it seems. According to Catalyst Chicago, first, it was a data entry problem: “District officials initially blamed school clerks, claiming they clicked the wrong option in a drop-down menu on software used to track income data.” Later, it seems, the state was to blame:
CPS officials switched from blaming the computer entry problem and cited issues with a procedure called direct certification, in which the state identifies students whose families receive public assistance, food stamps or Medicaid, or are in foster care, and gives the information to school districts….CPS says it gave the state a list of thousands of students whom the district believes were wrongly left out of the direct certification files.
Others in the system are suggesting that the “decline” results from the district’s choosing to provide all students with a free school lunch, an option made available under the federal school lunch program. Some suggest that there may really be fewer lower income students because the economy has improved. Or maybe these are children who attended schools closed by the district but never made it to their new schools.
The district may eventually get this counting problem fixed and get the money it deserves allocated to the right local schools, but having this problem is another sign of a badly managed district in trouble. Troy LaRaviere, the highly honored CPS principal who was recently suspended by the school board, recently wrote on his blog about the “literally dozens of actions taken by City Hall over the last five years to undermine the financial health of our school district in order to create and maintain a financial crisis.” Is this just one more?—Martin Levine