April 11, 2018; Bay State Banner
A few months ago, NPQ ran an article summarizing the findings in a report by the Building Movement Project called Race to Lead, which explored some reasons why there are so few leaders of color in the nonprofit sector. In that report, the sector is strongly challenged to “flip the lens,” as the NPQ article was titled, and look at things differently. It is incorrect to assume that people of color do not seek leadership or that they do not believe they have the skills. On the contrary, the need, according to that report, is for the sector to be more conscious that people doing the hiring for leadership staff and recruiting for board leadership are white and that they are not very good at recruiting and hiring people who do not look like them.
Now, a report has been released that breaks down the findings of that national study, looking at the state of Massachusetts specifically. Although the national and the Massachusetts findings are similar in many instances, there are some interesting differences that are worth identifying.
The report starts out by referencing studies about the Bay State and about Boston in particular, as not being welcoming to people of color. Of the Massachusetts respondents to the BMP study, 55 percent said they work in Boston. A 2016 Brookings Institution study ranked that city as number one in the nation in terms of economic inequity. The Boston Globe did a survey of people of color in 2017 and found that more than half of Black/African American respondents found Boston unwelcoming, which positioned it as the least welcoming among eight cities studied.
With that background, we move to the results of the BMP survey. The demographics of the respondents from Massachusetts is very similar to the national sample. People who identified as white made up the majority (60 percent), more women than men (81 percent), and most were children of US-born parents (75 percent). One slight difference is that there were more respondents identifying as Millennials than the national sample, and fewer who identified as Gen-Xers.
Here are some of the high-level findings drawn from the survey responses and focus groups that informed the report:
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- Aspiring leaders of color face obstacles ranging from lack of mentors to little encouragement to move up within their organizations. However, they have developed skills and found advisors outside of their jobs in order to continue to advance in their careers.
- Top leaders in nonprofits need to be able to raise funds from public sources, foundations and donors who often have little understanding of—or contact with—the communities of color they are trying to support. Current and aspiring leaders of color who have more connection to community needs are frequently excluded from networks and relationships of wealth. As a result, people of color may be overlooked by funders, even though they are the leaders who could most effectively drive investments in underserved communities.
- People of color seeking leadership positions experience barriers from white dominated boards and executive recruiters based on assumptions about their skill levels and concerns about their ability to raise funds. Aspiring leaders of color are rarely offered the opportunities and supports needed to be successful in top leadership roles, despite the expertise and skills they bring.
One particularly interesting point in the findings had to do with racialized barriers to advancement:
The number of people of color in Massachusetts who report wanting to leave the sector and the problems facing those who do aspire to leadership may be related to the racialized challenge of career advancement, a strong theme in both the Massachusetts data and focus groups…Respondents of color—both nationally and in Massachusetts—were more likely than whites to report that they had too few opportunities for advancement, but there was a 12 percentage point gap between white and POC respondents in Massachusetts and just a four percentage point gap in the national data. In the focus groups, people of color talked about having to carve out opportunities for their own training, learning, and professional development because those supports were not offered by their supervisors and organizations. Additionally, there were concerns about salary. The percentage of national respondents of color who named inadequate salary as a challenge was five points higher than the percentage of white respondents, but that gap was 13 percentage points in Massachusetts.
For the release of the findings in and about Massachusetts, four focus groups were organized. The composition was: EDs/CEOs of color, women of color (both staff and EDs/CEOs), white EDs/CEOs, and white staff. All four groups turned to the issue of fundraising without being prompted to do so. Some of their comments were:
- The philanthropic community in Boston is very insular and white—it is dominated by very old wealth which is white. Fundraisers who have connections to that stratum will do better, and so are more likely to be recruited to leadership positions in nonprofit organizations. White people are more likely to be connected to that wealth in Boston than people of color, as noted in the surveys mentioned above.
- There are few if any structures in place to help open doors and have people of color establish relations with the predominantly white philanthropic community.
- The focus groups involving POC stressed that funding was much more likely to flow to white-led organizations even when the intent is to address issues facing people of color in the community. In fact, they commented that an organization in the community addressing the needs of people of color is far less likely to find funding than the “next bright idea” of how to serve a community by a white person living and working outside of that community.
In conclusion, the report makes three recommendations:
- Funders should look at where their money is flowing and make conscious efforts to support agencies led by people of color. Those agencies need investment to help them grow their work, and to pay their people good wages.
- Develop staff in the nonprofit sector who are people of color by investing time and money in their professional development. This includes helping break down barriers and open doors so they can establish relationships with the philanthropic community.
- Breaking down racial inequity in the state is supposed to be a priority for many leaders, but to do so they must put their own house in order. Let the nonprofit sector lead the way, by making a conscious effort to speak up about inequity, and to set an example of how to remove the barriers.