“Philanthropy is a team sport,” observed David Risher at a webinar sponsored by the Boston-based nonprofit United for a Fair Economy earlier this month. As NPQ reported last year, spurred by the pandemic, Risher, an Amazon executive in the late 1990s and early 2000s, and his wife Jennifer, launched their #HalfMyDAF campaign in May 2020 to encourage donor-advised fund (DAF) holders to distribute at least half of their DAF holdings to nonprofits by September. To sweeten the pot, the Rishers organized a $1.4 million fund to match disbursements up to a cap ($10,000 in most cases), with winning nonprofits selected by lot.
As NPQ has regularly noted, the past year has seen a record shift in income and wealth from low-income individuals to people at the top, marked by record stock gains for the well-to-do. Even as US households in the bottom quartile have faced mass unemployment (above 20 percent), the Dow Jones last week briefly passed a record 34,000. Many among the wealthy have held onto their gains, but some have been galvanized by the crisis to step up.
In 2020, the Rishers noted that, “Too often, money remains in funds due to inertia or to the ‘paradox of choice.’ In those cases, the money sits untouched, waiting for the original donor to step forward and put the money to work.” The match, they hoped, would dislodge that inertia. Making giving a team sport might help too. (The same concept informs the rapidly growing giving circles movement.) The 2020 results for the Rishers can be seen on this spreadsheet. All told, the $1.4 million match helped spur 922 grants to 753 nonprofit totaling $7.26 million, with 340 of those donations receiving donation matches.
It is a valiant effort, and, as the Rishers point out, they aim to inspire many more people who might not register with #HalfMyDAF but who might nonetheless be induced to increase their DAF payouts. DAFs are a big target. As NPQ reported last month, as of the end of 2019, DAF holdings totaled $141.95 billion. In 2020, it appears that about one in four of those dollars—a record percentage—made it into the hands of nonprofits. That still means roughly three in four were rolled over into 2021.
In 2021, the Rishers have launched #HalfMyDAF again, which is why they were at the UFE webinar. This year, with their daughters and two other families contributing to the match pool, the overall match fund has been increased to over $3.1 million, with the goal of spurring $20 million in DAF disbursements. This time, too, $2 million of the $3.1 million-plus in matching funds is focused specifically on providing matches for donations that support “racial justice, climate & environment, education in underserved communities, and reproductive health.”
The Rishers, of course, are hardly the only ones seeking to free up wealth for social benefit. Another group—one that has been pursuing this path for over two decades—is Resource Generation (RG), which defines itself specifically as “a multiracial membership community of young people (18–35) with wealth and/or class privilege committed to the equitable distribution of wealth, land, and power.”
The politics of RG are far more explicit, but it also faces a gap between charitable intention and actual donations. As the RG website details, “we know that there are large amounts of invested capital held by our members and their families. Participants reported giving $68 million in 2020, but in the 2018 survey (the most recent) RG constituents reported assets of $1.9 billion individually.”
In other words, in 2020, RG members donated about 3.6 percent of net assets. Relatively speaking, that number is high. By comparison, a report based on 2018 data of America’s top ten billionaires found that the average billionaire donated only 0.94 percent of net assets. But still, RG members believe they can do better. In particular, if 3.6 percent of net assets are donated, that means 96.4 percent are not—and, if those assets are invested on Wall Street or in private equity, then, much like many foundations or