January 10, 2016; The Hill
Based upon his statements, at least, 2016 is set to be a big year for President Barack Obama. Not only is he moving forward on the gun control restrictions he has tried and failed to enact over the last eight years, but he may also be finally closing Guantanamo Bay prison, the detention center he vowed to shut down at the beginning of his presidency.
The announcement came on the 14th anniversary of the camp, a time many advocacy groups like Amnesty International, Defending Dissent Foundation, National Coalition to Protect Civil Freedoms, among others, took to remark on the opportunity the anniversary presented to the administration: make this the last anniversary for the detention camp. And President Obama may be indeed heeding the call; according to suggestions from his chief-of-staff, Denis McDonough, “The president has said from the beginning of this administration that we will close Gitmo because it’s bad for our national security and because it’s too costly.”
McDonough seemed confident the president would be able to shut the camp before the end of his term and the beginning of a new presidency. “We ought to make sure that we’re in a position to close that facility because it strengthens us when we close it. That’s what the president will do. He feels an obligation to his successor to close that, and that’s why we’re going to do it.”
What would differentiate this attempt to close the camp from his efforts in 2009 is that the president might not stop at Congress’s rejection. While McDonough would not say whether the president would issue an executive order to shut down the camp, with a Republican majority in Congress, the administration might take other steps to circumvent Congress.
There are currently 104 detainees still at the camp, which runs on more than $440 million a year. Aside from the obvious expense of detaining the prisoners, Guantanamo opponents indicate that al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups use the camp as part of their recruitment propaganda. Others point to the breakdown of justice and legitimate legal procedure at the camp. Prisoners are held without charges for years, and when they are criminally charged and receive representation, it takes years for prisoners’ cases to reach court.
The most recent released inmate had been held at the prison since 2002 without charges or trial. His transfer to Kuwait was approved last week when the administration found he no longer posed any threat. Forty-five other inmates have been approved to be transferred elsewhere out of the camp. Those who have not been approved to be transferred are likely looking at indefinite detainment, particularly if President Obama is not able to shut the camp before his term is over. The remaining detainees include the September 11th terrorist attack collaborators.
Still, despite the crimes the detainees are accused of committing against the country’s national security, government officials, activists, advocacy groups, and former wrongfully detained prisoners all maintain the camp must close and remains a black mark on the U.S.’s history of civil rights.
“I’ve been in the group that believes that it’s in our national interests to quote—to close Guantanamo,” said Gen. Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, on Fox News. “It does create a psychological scar on our national values. Whether it should or not, it does.”
In DC to mark 14 yrs of #Guantanamo prison. @theCCR‘s @aliya_hana urges @POTUS to take charge of insubordinate #DOD pic.twitter.com/79C5v87PvR
— The CCR (@theCCR) January 11, 2016
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.@Moazzam_Begg addressing the crowd at the vigil #Gitmo14 #CloseGitmo #Guantanamo pic.twitter.com/LWP3w0oAfL
— CAGE (@UK_CAGE) January 11, 2016
Today is #Guantanamo‘s 14th anniversary. @WhiteHouse, make it the last & CLOSE Guantanamo. https://t.co/XYiiixnF2d pic.twitter.com/dKHUKiFpfD
— AmnestyInternational (@amnesty) January 11, 2016
14 years on, #Guantanamo is still open. Former detainees hold vigil outside US embassy (via @GuySmallman) pic.twitter.com/GWtrSKSQX4
— CAGE (@UK_CAGE) January 11, 2016
Executive Action: Bush Opened #Guantánamo Without Congress, So Why Can’t Obama Close It? https://t.co/r2Tv0ZlRoc pic.twitter.com/gP9Ddaozv7
— Democracy Now! (@democracynow) January 7, 2016
Through the years, President Obama has used the State of the Union address as a platform to talk about his intentions to close the camp. Whether the president will provide more concrete ideas of how he will go doing so, activists and advocates expect more news on Tuesday.—Shafaq Hasan