Little Free Library in El Reno, OK.” Credit: Slinkstercat.

May 9, 2017; Treehugger

Little Free Libraries is under attack this week again after a study was published that questioned the Wisconsin-based nonprofit organization’s impact and overhead.

The study from Canadian researchers Jane Schmidt and Jordan Hale in the Journal of Radical Librarianship was intended to “interrogate the impact of the branded book exchange,” which was founded in 2006 and “builds and places weatherproof boxes to be used for the free exchange of books.”

What could be controversial about free books (aside from zoning)? According to TreeHugger reporter Katherine Martinko’s coverage of the study, quite a lot:

[Little Free Library] has 14 employees, evidence of what Schmidt and Hale call the corporatization of a grassroots phenomenon. In other words, LFLs have made book-sharing more complicated and costly than it ever needed to be: “Put simply, one does not need the assistance of a nonprofit corporation to share books with their neighbors.”

To be clear, the nonprofit is no bloated corporation—on its 2015 IRS Form 990, Little Free Library reported about $729,000 in revenue, including $339,000 in registration fees. It has registered more than 50,000 Little Free Libraries across the country and more recently, the world. Registration costs between $42 and $89 and includes a charter sign and a place on the official world map.

The study also questioned the reach of the libraries and success in addressing inequality in rates of literacy:

The researchers found that they appear mostly in wealthy, gentrified neighborhoods where predominantly white residents are likely to possess university degrees and, most interestingly, where public libraries already exist. This challenges the notion that LFLs can somehow combat “book deserts,” as its website asserts. In reality, it’s feeding books to a neighborhood already fairly well steeped in good literature.

But, are libraries a zero-sum game? As Martinko notes: “Schmidt does not believe that LFLs harm public libraries (though she and Hale cite one example of this in Vinton, Texas, where the mayor installed 5 LFLs and imposed a $50 user fee for the public library), nor is she convinced that LFLs accomplish what they’re supposed to.”

Still, a study that criticizes Little Free Libraries as representing “the corporatization of literary philanthropy” naturally put Executive Director Todd Bol on the defensive. In an interview with CBC Radio in Canada, he took exception to the study’s theory that an increase in Little Free Libraries could decrease municipal support for traditional libraries.

I say that’s horrible. We support libraries probably as much, if not more, than anybody else. […] We see ourselves as like a branch of a branch that celebrates libraries and celebrates communities. As far as we’re concerned, libraries are the great last bastion of community and community coming together. Anything we can do to encourage the public libraries…is big for us. And if anybody ever used the little teeny library with 20 or 30 books in it to compare us to the big library and say that they shouldn’t have that, that seems absurd.

Bol was also forced to explain what the organization does with “all of that money.”

What we do with our money is that we put all the money that’s left over after expenses into programming, trying to expand. We’re 14 people in Hudson, Wisconsin that have made a pretty solid, positive impact around the world by getting book exchanges throughout there. What we do is try to encourage, as much as we can, people to read and come together. We donate libraries all the time to police departments, fire departments, schools. We do all kinds of good things all around the place.

Indeed, in a country where 32 million adults can’t read, and the literacy rate hasn’t changed in 10 years, any reasonable solution that addresses illiteracy deserves support.—Anna Berry