October 16, 2017; CNN, NPR, and The Hill
It’s less than a month since Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico, but Puerto Ricans are already adapting and doing all they can to take care of each other. Adaptation has been hard, and has included making do with substandard or nonexistent basics like food, water, and power; moving stateside; or sending children away to attend school.
One of the many disturbing realities: CNN reported yesterday that people are drinking water from the Dorado Groundwater Contamination Site, a Superfund site that the EPA designated as contaminated with industrial chemicals that can cause damage to the liver and increase the risk of cancer. According to the Associated Press, “Even the island’s own water authority has distributed water from some wells at the Dorado Superfund site.” Puerto Rico, an island 100 miles across and 40 miles north to south, contains 18 Superfund sites, likely the result of the US pharmaceuticals companies that took advantage of tax-free policies and US Navy bombings.
The EPA is asking residents to avoid using the wells in the western portion of the site. Erik Olson, the Health Program Director for the Natural Resources Defense Council in an email to CNN wrote, “It is irresponsible to not make every effort humanly possible to find and provide safe drinking water as soon as possible.” Academi, the private security firm headed by Betsy DeVos’s brother—you may remember it as Blackwater, from when four guards were found guilty in 2007 of the shooting of over 30 Iraqis—has received requests to send employees to the island to protect fuel and water distribution. The New York Post writes that armed mercenaries now roam the streets and local leaders seek to regulate their presence and behavior.
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According to The Hill, unemployment is close to 100 percent. Since October 4th, less than two weeks ago, 30,000 have left the island. Of 1,113 schools in Puerto Rico, NPR reports that only 200 have reopened. Students have already lost 35 to 40 days of school, according to Julia Keleher, the island’s secretary of education. In many cases, students are traveling stateside, often on their own, and staying with relatives to attend school. In the case of the children covered in this report, it wasn’t the federal government that helped, but the company of the husband of the family taking them in.
US politicians, particularly Democrats, are trying to mobilize those coming to the mainland as potential voters. Meanwhile, Trump begrudgingly provides as little rebuilding support as possible while complaining that he should not have to and blaming Puerto Ricans for being the cause of their own problems, debt, and failing infrastructure. It’s as if the fact that US companies have benefitted from the tax haven and market that is Puerto Rico—if the island were an independent country, it would be the United States’ fifth-largest market—does not figure into the account.
But this is how domination works: a removal from history and a reversal of facts. In spite of high poverty, Puerto Rico has a literacy rate of 94 percent; an island of just over three million awards 50,000 college degrees a year. With 97 percent of these graduates currently unable to find employment on the island, The Hill concludes that what Puerto Rico needs is a business plan that starts at zero—that is, with no debt, from scratch (right now, Puerto Rico’s debt totals $74 billion). By now, we can conclude that this isn’t something that the US federal government or its agencies will support.
In this political leadership vacuum, nonprofits, private companies and individuals are taking the lead. We saw this script play out before with Katrina. At the time, we thought this was an exception to the rule. Now it is beginning to look like the new normal, only this time, unlike with Katrina, the scenario of an absent federal response is playing out without 24-hour coverage. In short, it seems it’s not just Puerto Rico’s infrastructure that is collapsing, but the legitimacy of the US government. We may want to pay attention and learn; one day, this may hit even closer to home.—Cyndi Suarez