January 26, 2014; NPR
Governor Rick Snyder (R-MI) has an interesting proposal for the revival of Detroit. He wants to attract 50,000 “skilled immigrants” to Detroit over the next five years (5,000 in the first year, 15,000 in the fifth). “They’re job generators for Americans,” Snyder told NPR. “So this could be a huge economic boom to help accelerate, jumpstart the comeback of Detroit.”
Snyder must know that his proposal would require federal approval—and probably new legislation—for an increase in the number of permitted immigration visas. The proposal might be construed as a unique and worthwhile special initiative warranted by Detroit’s dire economic straits, a special initiative to boost a city in virtual freefall. As the law stands, however, Snyder’s proposal would require one fourth, or maybe even one third, of all of the EB-2 visas that the U.S. offers for immigrants with advanced degrees or special skills. The idea of dedicating the visas to a particular city is unprecedented.
NPR asks whether luring 50,000 skilled immigrants is really necessary, compared to retraining the city’s or the state’s legions of underemployed or unemployed people for the high-tech skills Snyder is contemplating that immigrants would bring. Snyder’s response is that the state is actively pursuing retraining, but there’s a potential demand for skilled IT employees now. The point is that recruiting already skilled immigrants is easier—if the immigrants can be brought in—than retraining people who may not have many of the basic skills needed by technology employers. (Only 12.3 percent of Detroiters aged 25 or older have bachelors’ or other college degrees.)
One element that makes Snyder’s proposal attractive is that it would involve no federal bailout funds for the Motor City. It wouldn’t take much, if anything, from the federal budget and would induce the use of EB-2 immigration (EB-2 visas sometimes go unclaimed in some years). Usually, an EB-2 visa requires a job offer plus proof that the immigrant wouldn’t be taking a job that could be filled by an American, but it is possible that Detroit’s many economic development initiatives, such as the New Economy Initiative designed to stimulate a “knowledge-based entrepreneurial, creative economy,” the Detroit Works Project, the Detroit Creative Corridor Initiative, and others could generate those specific job offers for IT-skilled immigrants.
In a way, this is related to the immigration reform advocacy of Silicon Valley–types who have lobbied for a vast increase in EB-2 and H-1B visas geared toward educated and skilled immigrants. Their immigration reform advocacy emphasizes the ability of the tech companies to hire already skilled workers. Somehow, in the calculations of many people, the immigration reform that would benefit the more than 11 million undocumented immigrants already living and working in the U.S. does seem to rise to the top of their agendas.—Rick Cohen