October 5, 2013; New York Times


If Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Mike McIntire are correct in their reporting for the New York Times, the government shutdown wasn’t simply an action of recent vintage, but a long-term plan generated by conservative activists, led by former Attorney General Edwin Meese III, to destroy the Affordable Care Act at any cost, even at the cost of virtually all the other functions of the federal government. Meese’s co-conspirators in this high stakes game included David Koch, the money behind Americans for Prosperity, and Michael Needham of the Heritage Foundation’s recently-high-profile political arm, Heritage Action for America.

The Meese plan, kept secret but signed off on apparently by the “leaders of more than three dozen conservative groups,” was meant to be a “blueprint to defunding Obamacare.” According to Stolberg and McIntire, “It articulated a take-no-prisoners legislative strategy that had long percolated in conservative circles: that Republicans could derail the health care overhaul if conservative lawmakers were willing to push fellow Republicans—including their cautious leaders—into cutting off financing for the entire federal government.”

In other words, the current government shutdown wasn’t the result of an impasse between House Speaker John Boehner, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, and President Obama, but the product of a long-term plan by Meese, Koch, and others to kill the Affordable Care Act no matter what the cost, even if it meant shutting down parts of the federal government, furloughing hundreds of thousands of workers, and cutting social safety net services. The strategy of these conservative leaders included sample Q&As (Q: “What happens when you shut down the government and you are blamed for it?” A: “We are simply calling to fund the entire government except for the Affordable Care Act/Obamacare”), talking points for shutdown advocates (such as Boehner’s “Obamacare is a train wreck” meme), and action scripts (for example, the burning of fake “Obamacare cards,” etc.).

The purported strategy exhibits amazing political chutzpah. Congress passed the Affordable Care Act in 2010, having forced compromises from the Obama White House to make the program as dependent on private insurers and as distant from a single-payer system as possible. Even then, House Republicans (plus Senator Ted Cruz) did all they could to cut the legs out from the program, but that wasn’t enough. In an all-or-nothing gambit, Meese, Koch, and the others were going to hold a budgetary gun to the nation and demand that the Affordable Care Act’s implementation be halted—regardless of the legislative process.

If the reporting of Stolberg and McIntire is accurate, here is the list of organizations they cite in the article as having had some part in this plan to advocate the interests of billionaires like Koch and tell ordinary Americans looking forward to the benefits of national health insurance reform and expecting to receive federally funded services from the FY2014 federal budget to go without.


Tax Status

Noteworthy Players


Americans for Prosperity


Tim Phillips (president), Art Pope; longtime arm of Koch brothers

Raised in grants and contributions $21.7m in 2010 and $25.4m in 2011; Affiliated with 501(c)(3) Americans for Prosperity Foundation, which raised $16.9m in grants in 2010 and $24.8m in 2011 (David Koch is chairman of AFP Foundation board)

Heritage Action for America


Mike Needham (president)

Raised $3.2m in 2010 and $4.6 in 2011; related to 501(c)(3) Heritage Foundation

Tea Party Patriots


Co-founders Jenny Beth Martin and Mark Meckler

Raised $12.2m between 6/1/10 and 5/31/11

Club for Growth


Former congressman Chris Chocola (president), David Keating, Howard Rich, Ken Blackwell

Raised roughly $5m in each of past two years; has 2 related 527s

Generation Opportunity



Known for “Creepy Uncle Sam” advertisements against ACA; described in the Atlantic as Koch-backed

Young Americans for Liberty


Only human name on 2011 Form 990 is Jeffrey Frazee, executive director (national coordinator for Ron Paul’s 2008 presidential campaign)

Claims 500 college campus chapters

Freedom Partners (formally called Freedom Partners Chamber of Commerce)


Two board members from Koch Industries

$254.7m in program service revenue, including $149.9m in membership dues acc. to 2011 Form 990

American Commitment


Phil Kerpen (previously with Club for Growth, Americans for Prosperity, and Cato Institute)


60 Plus Association


Singer Pat Boone is the national spokesman.

According to its recent Form 990, between 7/1/10 and 6/30/11, it raised $18.6m, and between 7/1/11-6/20/12, $11.8m

Conservative 50 Plus Alliance

We do not seek government grants or any tax advantages that can create conflicts with our advocacy and we unabashedly support the capitalist system. Operating as a “for profit” entity means less government regulation, the ability to grow faster and better serve our members.”



Conservative Action Project

Website’s donation page calls CAP a “nonprofit organization



Traditional Values Coalition


Rev. Louis Sheldon, Rev. Terry Cantrell, Andrea Lafferty (executive director, married to Sheldon)

Raised $8.6m in 2010 and $6.6m in 2011

Senate Conservatives Fund

Political Action Committee




Apparently, powerful, wealthy, conservative interests have been planning the government shutdown for some years. It is a testament to their organizing abilities to have pulled this off, with Meese and his allies keeping their formal agreement out of the press until now. Their limited circle of voices and interests can bring the federal budget to its metaphorical knees, while the interests of the American public who want and need a functioning government get run over roughshod. Do you think nonprofits ought to be speaking up about the shutdown? The secret Ed Meese cabal is a powerful reason why.—Rick Cohen