Frederick Douglass,” Street portrait on a wall on Lower Gilmore Place, near the Union Canal. Credit: Byron V.

Last summer, NPQ examined the movement to retool school curricula to more fully address the nation’s history of slavery and white supremacy. Students, as NPQ has noted, are often at the forefront among those demanding anti-racist curricula be adopted, sparking many teachers to reshape lesson plans. One group that has assisted with student organizing efforts in this area is Diversify Our Narrative, a nonprofit that has developed chapters across the US, with over 1,700 students in more than 200 school districts becoming community organizers advocating for education that does not shy away from teaching about race, racism, and anti-racism.

One option educators have turned to in response to this call for change are the curriculum and lesson plans developed from the New York Times’ series The 1619 Project, which focuses on US history starting from the first landing of a ship carrying enslaved Africans at the British colony in what is now Virginia. Since 1619 marks the year of that landing, The 1619 Project explores the history of slavery in this country and how it has touched almost every aspect of modern life in the United States.

Times writer Nikole Hannah-Jones, who led the work and won a Pulitzer Prize for her opening essay, says building a student curriculum and lesson plans based on the project was a part of the plan from the very beginning. “As much as I hope white readers will read it and have their minds blown, I hope that Black people will read it, and feel a sense of ownership over this country and a sense of pride in our resilience. I hope to reframe the way we see ourselves in America.”

According to the Associated Press, nearly 5,000 K–12 and college educators have expressed interest in the curriculum. Perhaps because of that interest, it has also sparked the ire of a number of Republican politicians. Last summer, Senator Tom Cotton (R-AR) authored the Saving American History Act of 2020 in an effort to ban the use of federal tax dollars for staff development in school districts that use or adopt parts of the 1619 Project curriculum. Cotton’s federal bill went nowhere, but Republican lawmakers in five states where their party holds legislative majorities—Arkansas, Iowa, Mississippi, Missouri, and South Dakotahave introduced bills in the last month that would cut funding to K–12 schools and colleges that provide lessons from the 1619 Project.

Many historians are outraged. As