Where Should Museums Draw the Line on Display of Offensive Historical Items?

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March 14, 2015;Newsday

What do we do with the evidence of the most controversial parts of our history? What roles do museums have in the exhibition of Nazi memorabilia or monogrammed Ku Klux Klan robes, reminders of some of our darkest moments?

Sheila McClory-Nuss, curator at Cape May County Historical Museum, has been pondering the question as she organizes a traveling exhibit of similarly controversial items from collections across southern New Jersey. The idea for the exhibit originally came after a neighboring museum called about a donation of a monogrammed Ku Klux Klan robe that was tailored for a woman. Do such contentious artifacts have a place in museums?

McClory-Nuss considered some of the objects her museum itself has kept hidden from the public for decades, like “Confederate flags, racist pop-cultural pieces and Nazi memorabilia donated by local soldiers who brought back souvenirs after World War II.”

“Some members of the board didn’t want them to be in the collection,” McClory-Nuss said. “Other members said they’re horrible objects, but they are markers of history. Nobody really knew what to do. It’s an enduring question: Is it history, or should it be swept under the rug?”

The place of “contro-history” is an important question when one considers the weight many of these items still carry, even decades later. But the question isn’t new for museums, many of which are constantly grappling with issues of what items are meant to be entertained in the public forum and which are not.

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“All museums face the sensitivities of their audience and not wanting to offend anyone,” said Nicholas Ciotola, the curator of cultural history at New Jersey State Museum. “But more and more, museums are going the other direction, putting controversial things on display to stimulate a conversation.”

According to Ciotola, some museums do it well, and others do not. The Ohio Historical Society put on an exhibit from 2011 (and then its sequel in 2012-13) exploring racism and stereotypes with such items as a Nazi flag, a 20th-century toy bowling set with ethnic people as pinheads, a 1946 Cleveland Indians baseball jacket picturing “Chief Wahoo,” and more.

However, according to Ciotola, “They didn’t contextualize the pieces. They turned controversy on its head to get people to see it.”

McClory-Nuss says that context would be essential in the exhibit, allowing people to place the items properly in the parts of history they are representing. The intention for the exhibit would not be, she says, to glorify the objects or “display them proudly.”

Indeed, for many these items represent the dark history that we globally have tried so hard to escape. However, the same items will also provoke the discussions necessary to combat the forces constantly trying to reprise this history.

“You don’t want to alienate people or make them angry. But you want to make the museum relevant and get them talking about issues that are serious,” said Ciotola.—Shafaq Hasan

  • Bob Fitch

    Reading this article, I remembered seeing a Ku Klux Klan robe at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History. Viewing the robe, I felt revulsion at what it stood for. But did I think that it should not be displayed? To the contrary, that revulsion is just the feeling we should have and, for those who don’t know much about this history, the lesson they should learn from this historical exhibit. Context is vital, but hiding these objects in a back storage room teaches nothing and puts us all at risk of repeating the mistakes from the past.

  • Nebraska Sam

    Offensive to whom? History happened whether we like it or not. To deliberately hide the articles would be to in effect sweep that part of history under the rug.

    If the items from the Nazi era were brought back by the brave soldiers who went to fight it, that should be displayed too. If the KKK items are displayed, then show what had to be done to overcome it.

    They should be displayed along with the presentation of how bad they were, the efforts the rest of the world had to go to so they would not overcome, and the lessons we learned as we overcame them.

    Show them, but not alone, show the commentary too so that we may learn. I don’t think I need quote that the one that does not learn from history is doomed to repeat it.

  • kyle

    The comments already are great. That there is any doubt in anyone’s mind on whether these things should be shown is absurd. Just because you don’t like it or its over dive doesn’t mean you get to, effectively pretend it didn’t exist. And it’s offensive to not display them too. Not teaching people about the worst parts of human history only makes people more likely to repeat them. Education of these things is arguably even more important than education on things we’ve gotten right. They obviously shouldn’t be displayed proudly but they absolutely must be displayed and explained. Hiding them is perverse.

  • A Day

    Do not let the snivelling liberals change history because of current social interpretations.